Chris Lindgren, Ph.D.

Chris Lindgren, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Technical Communication and Data Visualization

Virginia Tech


I’m an Assistant Professor of Technical Communication & Data Visualization in the English Department at Virginia Tech.

Critical Code & Data Studies, Visual Rhetoric, Coding Literacy: I study computer coding and data as technical communication activities. I focus on understanding code and data as a process of communicating, rather than as a static product. My studies examine people, tools, and their context of work shapes and is also shaped by their coding and data during activities like data processing, analysis, and visualization. I have also previously published on the rhetorics that impact calls for a new mass literacy of coding.

Communication Design and Design Justice: I also study and perform communication design and design justice. Through a case-study on activism on Twitter, I developed an analytical framework for communicators and designers to assess how their technology is embedded in broader parts of infrastructure, such as the U.S.-Mexico border. I also am a partner on The Rematriation Project, which is building an Indigenous-led, decolonial method of digital archiving. I have also studied how papermill companies have exploited the *.edu top-level domain to bolster the credibility and trick students into buying plagiarised papers.

  • critical code and data studies
  • data processing, analysis, and visualization
  • visual rhetoric
  • coding literacy
  • designing communication for justice

All Publications

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(2022). Building an Infrastructural Praxis: Understanding Twitter's embeddedness in the U.S.-Mexico Border. Forthcoming in Reflections (2022) Special Issue: Language, Access, and Power in Technical Communication.

(2021). "Hello, Is This the Writing Center?": Illicit Paper Mill Activity and the Compromised Recomposition of College and University Websites. Kairos: Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy.

Open-Access Article

(2021). Writing With Data: A Study of Coding on a Data-Journalism Team. In Written Communication.


(2021). Facts Upon Delivery: What Is Rhetorical About Visualized Models?. In Journal of Business and Technical Communication.


(2019). Representing Diversity in Digital Research: Digital Feminist Ethics and Resisting Dominant Normatives. In Proceedings of the Annual Computers & Writing Conference, 2018.

PDF Collection

(2015). Using Digital Labs to Build Smarter Computing Cultures. In Rhetoric and Digital Humanities.

PDF Collection

(2015). Utopian Laptop Initiatives: From Technological Deism to Object-Oriented Rhetoric. In Writing Posthumanism, Posthuman Writing.


(2015). Responding to the Coding Crisis: From Code Year to Computational Literacy. In Strategic Discourse: The Politics of (New) Literacy Crises.




Proficiency with specialization in data processing and analysis

Data Visualization

Proficiency across data visualization techniques, ranging in environments such as Google Sheets, Observable Notebooks, and Python

Web Accessibility

Proficiency in HTML5/ARIA web accessibility techniques

Content Design and Strategy

Proficiency in auditing, assessing, and developing web content strategies for large organizations


  • 207 Shanks Hall, 181 Turner Street NW, Blacksburg, VA 24060
  • Enter Shanks Hall and take the stairs to Office 207 on Floor 2
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